Speech-language pathologists, or speech therapists, assess, diagnose, treat and help to prevent disorders related to speech, language, cognitive communication, voice, swallowing and fluency. Our therapists are certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and treat patients on an inpatient, outpatient, home health and hospice care basis.
Speech therapists work with people who cannot produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly, individuals who have swallowing difficulties and people with voice disorders. They also work with patients who have problems understanding and producing language and who have cognitive communication impairments such as attention, memory, and problem-solving disorders. Speech therapists develop an individualized plan of care, tailored to each patient’s needs and disorder.
Pediatric Speech Therapy
We provide specialized services to patients with:
Language Disorders (Expressive, Receptive, Pragmatic)
A language disorder refers to difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. Speech therapists provide treatment to improve the cognitive functions that allow children to communicate their ideas.
Speech Disorders (Articulation Disorders, Apraxia of Speech, Phonological Processing Disorder)
A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. Speech therapists provide treatment to improve articulation of individual sounds or reduce errors in production of sound patterns.
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Pervasive Development Disorders, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorders, describes five conditions that all have similar characteristics including autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett syndrome, and Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. All of these involve a child having difficulty or delay in basic concepts and functions, such as communication and social skills. Speech therapists work to improve all areas of communication with a program specifically geared toward the individual child.
Cleft Lip and Palate
Following repair of a cleft, a child may require a speech therapist to improve articulation and resonance.
Fluency Disorders (Stuttering)
Stuttering is a sudden, intense breakdown in the fluent production of speech. Speech therapists help children who stutter to develop fluent speaking patterns. Speech therapists establish new fluency patterns as well as coping skills for patients and their families.
Hearing Loss and Deafness
Children learn speech and language from listening to other people talk. If a hearing loss exists, a child does not get the full benefit of language learning experiences. A speech therapist evaluates specific speech and language skills and provides recommendations and intervention to target skill areas.
Pediatric Head Trauma
Bicycles, rollerblades, pools, cars, and sports can cause head injuries. Head injuries, even minor ones, can effect a child’s memory, cognition, and speech skills. Speech therapists help the child develop cognitive and communicative skills.
Voice Disorders (Vocal Abuse)
Voice Disorders occur when a child exhibits a deviation in the pitch, intensity, or duration of his/her voice. Children suffering from voice disorders often display a hoarse, raspy vocal quality and may have difficulty varying the volume of their voice. Speech therapists teach the child proper vocal hygiene and techniques on how to minimize the abuse on his or her vocal folds.
Adult Speech Therapy
We provide specialized services to patients with:
Alzheimer's & Dementia
A speech therapist assists those with dementia in using strategies to preserve communication and cognitive function for as long as possible. Some of these strategies include: using written cues to complete memory tasks, developing “memory books”, and training family members/caregivers how to best communicate with dementia patients.
Aphasia is a disorder resulting from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. Aphasia can make finding words, understanding speech, or expressing thoughts difficult. Speech therapists evaluate the speech, language and cognitive skills of those who have suffered an injury to determine patient strengths and weaknesses and then develop an individualized treatment plan.
The quality of the voice depends on the condition and function of the vocal folds. If they become inflamed, develop growths or become paralyzed, they cannot function properly. Speech therapists play a key role in helping patients regain full use of their voice. Therapeutic techniques facilitate healing after vocal cord injury or surgery.
A laryngectomy is a surgical procedure when the vocal cords or larynx are removed from a person's throat causing the loss of a person’s voice. Speech therapists help patients learn a new way of speaking following surgery.
Motor Speech Disorders
Neuromuscular disease can affect a person's speech, voice, and breath support for communication and swallowing. Speech therapists implement a program of exercises and strategies to improve or maintain muscle strength and coordination for people with neuromuscular problems.
Therapy for nonverbal communication is designed to help individuals who have lost some or all of their ability to speak, read and/or write. A speech therapist evaluates the patient and makes recommendations for an appropriate communication system such as an electronic device, a personalized communication planner and/or an approach that would include using gestures, drawing, and words. Education is also provided to the patient and family members regarding use.
People who suffer from stroke or other brain injuries may experience difficulty with word finding, sometimes referred to as aphasia. Speech therapists assist in the recovery of words and provide patients and families with resources to cope with loss of communication.
Stuttering is a breakdown in the production of speech. Speech therapists help children and adults who stutter to develop fluent speaking patterns and provide coping skills for patients and their families.
Swallowing disorders, called dysphagia, can occur during any phase of the swallow. Speech therapists work with a doctor to determine the cause of the swallowing disorder and provide services to reduce difficulty and strengthen your swallow.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Those who acquire a brain injury often have cognitive and communication problems that can impair their ability to live independently. Brain injury survivors may have trouble finding words to express ideas or to explain themselves in speaking and/or writing. They may also experience difficulty with social communication. Speech therapists assist in the recovery or plan adjustment options to repair communication problems.