Sleep Disorders Center

Types of Sleep Disorders

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is very dangerous sleep disorder, affecting more than 12 million Americans. It is more common in men than women, but can occur in either gender. The main symptom associated with sleep apnea is loud snorting or gasping during sleep. If the disorder remains untreated, it can have potentially serious results:

  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Irregular heart beats
  • Heart attack
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Worsening of ADHD
  • Other cardiovascular diseases
  • Weight gain
  • Memory problems
  • Impotency
  • Headaches

In addition, untreated sleep apnea may be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school, motor vehicle crashes, as well as academic underachievement in children and adolescents.

Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children. Risk factors for sleep apnea include:

  • Being overweight
  • Being over the age of forty
  • Having a large neck size (17 inches or greater in men and 16 inches or greater in women)
  • Having large tonsils, a large tongue or a small jaw bone
  • Having a family history of sleep apnea
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
  • Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies or sinus problems

Other Sleep Disorders

Besides sleep apnea, there are multiple sleep disorders that can be diagnosed and treated:

Restless Leg Syndrome – pain or crawling sensations in the legs

Insomnia – persistent inability to fall or stay asleep

Narcolepsy – uncontrollable sleep attacks during the day

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder – thrashing or kicking of the legs resulting in disturbed sleep

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